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Computer Architecture and
Organization

OBJECTIVES:

• perceive the design of a contemporary pc with its varied process units. additionally the Performance measure of the pc system. • additionally to the present the memory management system of pc.

UNIT -I:

Basic Structure Of Computers: useful unit, Basic Operational ideas, Bus structures, System computer code, Performance, The history of pc development.

UNIT -II:

Machine Instruction and Programs: Instruction and Instruction Sequencing: Register Transfer Notation, programing language Notation, Basic Instruction varieties, Addressing Modes, Basic Input/output Operations, The role of Stacks and Queues in programing equation. element of directions: Logic Instructions, shift and Rotate directions

UNIT -III:

sort of directions: Arithmetic and Logic Instructions, Branch directions, Addressing Modes, Input/output Operations

UNIT -IV:

INPUT/OUTPUT ORGANIZATION: Accessing I/O Devices, Interrupts: Interrupt Hardware, sanctioning and Disabling Interrupts, Handling Multiple Devices, Direct operation, Buses: Synchronous Bus, Asynchronous Bus, Interface Circuits, normal I/O Interface: Peripheral element Interconnect (PCI) Bus, Universal Serial Bus (USB)

UNIT -V:

The MEMORY SYSTEMS: Basic memory circuits, Memory System thought, Read-Only Memory: fixed storage, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM, nonvolatile storage, Cache Memories: Mapping Functions, INTERLEAVING Secondary Storage: Magnetic exhausting Disks, Optical Disks,

UNIT -VI:

process Unit: basic Concepts: Register Transfers, activity associate degree Arithmetic Or logical operation, attractive A Word From Memory, Execution of Complete Instruction, Hardwired management, small programmed Control: Microinstructions, small program Sequencing, Wide Branch Addressing Microinstructions with next –Address Field

III Year – I Semester
L T P C
4 0 0 3
COMPUTER design AND ORGANIZATION

OUTCOMES:

• Students will perceive the design of recent pc.

• they’ll analyze the Performance of a pc victimisation performance equation

• Understanding of various instruction varieties.

• 4. Students will calculate the effective address of associate degree quantity by addressing modes

• five. they’ll perceive however pc stores positive and negative numbers.

• 6. Understanding of however a pc performs mathematical process of positive and negative numbers.

TEXT BOOKS:

one. pc Organization, Carl Hamacher, Zvonks Vranesic, Safea Zaky, fifth Edition, manager Hill.

2. pc design and Organization , John P. Hayes ,3rd Edition, manager Hill.

REFERENCE BOOKS:

one. pc Organization and design – William Stallings Sixth Edition, Pearson/PHI

two. Structured pc Organization – saint S. Tanenbaum, fourth Edition PHI/Pearson three. Fundamentals or pc Organization and style, – Sivaraama Dandamudi Springer Int. Edition.

4. “Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface” by David A. Patterson and John L. Hennessy.

5. J .P. Hayes, “Computer design and Organization”, McGraw-Hill, 1998.