Course Learning Objectives:
The objectives of the course is to impart
• Overall understanding of the natural resources
• Basic understanding of the system and its diversity • Acquaintance on varied environmental challenges elicited thanks to unplanned anthropogenetic activities
• AN understanding of the environmental impact of biological process activities
• Awareness on the social problems, environmental legislation and world treaties Course Outcomes:
The student ought to have information on
• The natural resources and their importance for the sustenance of the life and acknowledge the necessity to conserve
the natural resources
• The ideas of the system and its perform within the setting. the necessity for shielding the producers
and customers in varied ecosystems and their role within the food cycle
• The multifariousness of Republic of India and therefore the threats to multifariousness, and conservation practices to safeguard the
• varied attributes of the pollution and their impacts and measures to cut back or management the pollution on
with waste management practices
• Social problems each rural and concrete setting and therefore the potential suggests that to combat the challenges
• The environmental legislations of Republic of India and therefore the initial world initiatives towards property development.
• regarding environmental assessment and therefore the stages concerned in EIA and therefore the environmental audit.
• autonomous inexperienced field with setting Friendly facet of – Energy, Water and waste matter utilize
Plantation, Rain water harvest home, Parking program.
UNIT – I
Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental Studies: Definition, Scope and Importance –Sustainability:
Stockholm and Rio de Janeiro Summit–Global Environmental Challenges: warming and global climate change, Carbon
Credits, acid rains, layer depletion, increase and explosion, effects. Role of data
Technology in setting and human health.
Ecosystems: thought of AN system. – Structure and performance of AN system. – Producers, customers and
decomposers. – Energy flow within the system – succession. – Food chains, food webs and ecological
pyramids. – Introduction, types, characteristic options, structure and performance of Forest system, Grassland
ecosystem, Desert system, Aquatic ecosystems.
I Year – II Semester
L T P C
4 0 0 3
UNIT – II
Natural Resources: Natural resources and associated issues
Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation – Timber extraction – Mining, dams and different effects
on forest and social group folks
Water resources – Use and over utilization of surface and well water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water,
dams – advantages and issues
Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and exploitation natural resources,
Sustainable mining of Granite, Literate, Coal, ocean and stream sands.
Food resources: World food issues, changes caused by non-agriculture activities-effects of contemporary agriculture,
fertilizer-pesticide issues, water work, salinity
Energy resources: Growing energy desires, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy
sources Vs Oil and fossil fuel Extraction.
Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, wild reclamation, man elicited landslides, wearing
and geologic process. Role of a personal in conservation of natural resources. just use of resources for
UNIT – III
multifariousness and its conservation: Definition: genetic, species and system diversity- classification
- price of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social-Biodiversity at national and native levels. India as a
mega-diversity nation – Hot-spots of multifariousness – Threats to biodiversity: surround loss, man-wildlife conflicts –
Endangered and endemic species of Republic of India – Conservation of multifariousness: conservation of biodiversity.
UNIT – IV
- Environmental Pollution: Definition, Cause, effects and management measures of pollution, Water
pollution, Soil pollution, pollution, Nuclear hazards. Role of a personal in interference of pollution. –
Pollution case studies, property Life Studies.
Solid Waste Management: Sources, Classification, effects and management measures of urban and industrial solid
wastes. Consumerism and waste merchandise, Biomedical, venturous and e – waste management.
UNIT – V
- Social problems and therefore the Environment: Urban issues associated with energy -Water conservation, rain water
harvesting-Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its issues and issues. Environmental ethics: problems and
possible solutions. Environmental Protection Act -Air (Prevention and management of Pollution) Act. –Water
(Prevention and management of Pollution) Act -Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act-Issues concerned in
enforcement of environmental legislation. -Public awareness.
UNIT – VI
- Environmental Management: Impact Assessment and its significance varied stages of EIA,
preparation of EMP and EIS, Environmental audit. Ecotourism, inexperienced field – inexperienced business and inexperienced politics.
The student ought to Visit AN Industry/Ecosystem and submit a report separately on any problems associated with
Environmental Studies course and build an influence purpose presentation.
- Environmental Studies, K.V. S. G. Murali Krishna, VGS Publishers, Vijayawada a pair of. Environmental Studies , R. Rajagopalan, ordinal Edition, 2011, Oxford Press.
- Environmental Studies, P.N. Palanisamy, P. Manikandan, A. Geetha, and K. Manjula Rani; Pearson Education,
- Text Book of Environmental Studies, Deeshita Dave & P. Udaya Bhaskar, Cengage Learning.
- A Textbook of Environmental Studies, Shaashi Chawla, TMH, New Delhi
- Environmental Studies, Benny Joseph, Tata baseball player Hill Co, New Delhi
- “Perspectives in setting Studies” Anubha Kaushik, C P Kaushik, New Age International Publishers, 2014